A dental crown is a prosthetic restoration used to cover and shape damaged or aesthetically unappealing teeth.
Crowns can be made from various materials, including ceramic, metal-ceramic, zirconia, porcelain, or metal.
The choice of material depends on aesthetic requirements, the position of the tooth, and the patient’s personal preferences.
– Ako je zub jako oštećen karijesom i nema dovoljno zubne strukture koja bi podržala ispun i održala funkcionalnost.
– Ako je veliki dio zuba polomljen i ne može se izraditi kompozitna nadogradnja
– Ako imate implantat umjesto zuba, krunica će biti postavljena na njega.
– Nakon liječenja korijenskog kanala, krunica je često potrebna za jačanje zuba.
– Ukoliko ste oštetili zube do točke na kojoj su krunice jedina opcija.
– Iz estetskih razloga, za poboljšanje osmijeha, možete se odlučiti za keramičke i cirkonijske estetske krunice.
Thanks to their exceptional durability and natural appearance, zirconia crowns are becoming the material of choice in modern dental medicine.
Today, almost exclusively, monolithic multilayer crowns are being used.
Monolithic means that the crowns are completely made from a single block of zirconia, without the addition of a ceramic layer, making them much more resistant to fractures and chipping compared to previous materials.
Multilayer means that the color of the crown is graduated, which significantly contributes to a more natural appearance.
Metal-ceramic crowns are fabricated by applying a ceramic aesthetic layer onto a metal cap. They are known for their high strength, durability, and acceptable appearance. However, over time, metal-ceramic crowns may develop dark lines near the gums, which are aesthetically unappealing.
Full ceramic crowns are made from Lithium Disilicate ceramic using CAD-CAM technology, similar to the production process of full zirconia crowns. They are renowned for their high aesthetic appeal and precise fabrication. These crowns are the material of choice for cases that require superior esthetics.
After consulting with your dentist and discussing all treatment options, they will prepare the tooth for crown placement.
The first step is cleaning the tooth, removing any decay, and shaping it using specialized dental drills under local anesthesia.
Once the tooth is prepared, an intraoral scan is taken. The scan is sent to the dental laboratory, where a crown will be custom-made to fit perfectly. This usually takes a few days. During this time, your dentist will protect the prepared tooth with a temporary crown.
In the next visit, your dentist will remove the temporary crown, clean and disinfect the external surface of the tooth to provide a good bonding surface for the dental cement. They will place the crown on the tooth to check if it fits into the smile and has the right shade and shape. Once you and your dentist are satisfied with the appearance of the crown, the dentist will cement it in place.
It will largely depend on how well you take care of your teeth. Dental crowns require the same level of care as natural teeth. Provided that you have good oral hygiene, regularly visit your dentist, eat a proper diet, and avoid habits such as opening bottle caps with your teeth, high-quality crowns can last 10-15 years.
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